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Disorders and injuries of the shoulder

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1. Anatomy, biomechanics
2. Examination techniques
3. Instability of the shoulder or shoulder girdle
 3.1. Trauma-related instability of the shoulder
 3.2. Constitutionally-related shoulder instability
 3.3. Instability of the acromioclavicular joint: AC joint
 3.4. . Instability of the SC joint, the connection between the collarbone and breast bone
 3.5. Apical instability with bottleneck beneath the acromion (see 5.2.)
4. Disorders and injuries of the biceps tendon and limbus (joint meniscus)

Disorders and injuries of the rotator cuff

 5.1. Tearing of the rotator cuff and its consequences

Loosening of the rotator cuff with bottleneck situation beneath the acromion (impingement syndrome)

 5.3. Inflammatory disorders of the rotator cuff, joint capsule and bursa
6. Fractures of the shoulder girdle
 6.1. Subcapital humeral head fracture

Fracture of the shoulder blade (scapula)

 6.3. Fracture of the collarbone (clavicle)
7. Arthrosis in the shoulder girdle (joint attrition, joint wear)
 7.1. Shoulder arthrosis (omarthrosis)
 7.2. Acromioclavicular arthrosis
 7.3. Sternoclavicular arthrosis
8. Arthritis of the shoulder girdle (inflammation of the joint, rheumatoid, infectious, etc.)
 8.1. Arthritis of the shoulder
 8.2. Arthritis of the AC and SC joints
9. Metabolic disorders, gout, diabetes mellitus, etc.
10. Congenital deformities
11. Tumours
12. Functional problems, incl. psychosomatic disorders, neck, shoulder and arm pain due to irritation of the spine and the veins in the neck and arm
13. Post-operative rehabilitation of shoulders
14. Complications after a shoulder operation
15. Physiotherapy and rehabilitation